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International Conventions

Multilateral Environmental Agreements

Topic
Conventions List
Name of Convention (Click for Detail) Date of Signature Date of Ratification Date of Entry into Force
Climate Change
UN Framework convention on Climate change (UNFCCC) 6/9/1992 12/5/1994 3/5/1995
Kyoto Protocol 3/15/1999 1/12/2005 4/12/2005
Vienna Convention on the protection of the ozone layer 3/22/1985 5/9/1988
Montreal Protocol on substances that deplete the ozone layer 9/16/1987 8/2/1988
Paris Agreement 4/22/2016
Hazardous Substances and Wastes
Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal 1/8/1993
Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants 5/17/2002 5/2/2003
Convention On The Ban Of The Import Into Africa And The Control Of Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within Africa (Bamako Convention) 1/30/1991 5/18/2004
Marine Pollution
Regional Convention for the Conservation of the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden Environment (Jeddah Convention) 5/31/1990 8/20/1985
Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment and the Coastal Region of the Mediterranean 2/16/1976 8/24/1978 7/9/2004
Nature Conservation
United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (UNCBD) 6/9/1992 6/2/1994
Cartagena Protocol on Bio-safety to the Convention on Biological Diversity 12/20/2000 12/23/2003 3/21/2004
Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization 1/25/2012 10/28/2013
Ramsar Convention on Conservation and Wise Use of Wetlands 9/9/1988
Agreement on the Conservation of Cetaceans of the Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea and contiguous Atlantic Area (ACCOBAMS) 4/19/2010 7/1/2010
Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS), Bonn convention 11/1/1983
Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds (AEWA) 8/20/1997 11/1/1999 11/1/1983

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