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Egypt State of the Environment Report 2005

(Issued December 2006)

Cover pdf
Index pdf
Word of Thanks and Appreciation pdf
Introduction pdf
Methodology pdf

Section I: Air

pdf
Chapter 1: Air Pollution: pdf
1.1 Introduction
1.2 Sources of Pollution
1.3 Harmful Effects of Air Pollution
1.4 Indicators of Ambient Air Quality in Egypt
1.5 Severe Air Pollution Episodes in Cairo Skies
1.6 Most Important Indicators of Ambient Air Quality during 2005
1.7 State Efforts to Curb Air Pollution Risks
1.8 Future Plan 2007 - 2012
1.9 References
Chapter 2: Noise: pdf
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Noise Sources in Egypt and Most Critical Challenges
2.3 Noise Levels in Southern Cairo during 2005
2.4 Subway Noise Levels during 2004/2005
2.5 Harmful Impacts on Man Resulting from Exposure to Noise
2.6 Challenges to Noise-Reducing Programs
2.7 Efforts of the Ministry of State for Environmental Affairs to Combat Noise in 2005
2.8 Future Plan 2007 - 2012
2.9 References
Chapter 3: Climate Change: pdf
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Threats Facing Egypt Due to Change in Climate
3.3 Egypt’s Role Vis-à-vis the Climate Change Issue
3.4 Clean Development Mechanism
3.5 Future Plan 2007 - 2012
3.6 References
Chapter 4: Protection of the Ozone Layer: pdf
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Chemicals Destructive of the Ozone Layer and their Classification
4.3 Environmental and Health-Related Harms Resulting from Ozone Depletion
4.4 Egyptian Program for the Protection of the Ozone Layer
4.5 Future Plan 2007 - 2012
4.6 References

Section II: Water

pdf
Chapter 5: Fresh Water: pdf
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Water Resources and their Uses in Egypt
5.3 Monitoring Surface and Ground Water Quality
5.4 Sources of Pollution on the River Nile and its Tributaries as well as the Main Canals
5.5 Current Status of Water Quality in Egypt
5.6 Canals and Waterways
5.7 Public Drains
5.8 Ground Water
5.9 Lakes
5.10 Efforts to Overcome Environmental Problems Relating to Lakes and Fresh Water
5.11 Future Plan 2007 - 2012
5.12 References
Chapter 6: Coastal and Marine Zones: pdf
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Marine and Coastal Zones in the Arab Republic of Egypt
6.3 Pressures and Problems Threatening Coastal and Marine Environment
6.4 Monitoring Coastal Environment Quality
6.5 Marine Fisheries
6.6 Risks Menacing Coastal and Marine Environment
6.7 Measures Taken for the Protection of the Coastal and Marine Environment
6.8 Future Plan 2007 - 2012
6.9 References

Section III: Land

pdf
Chapter 7: Land Degradation and Desertification: pdf
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Current Status of Lands in Egypt
7.3 Major Pressures on Land Resources in Egypt
7.4 Main Challenges To Land Resources in Egypt
7.5 State Efforts in the Area of Fighting Land Degradation
7.6 National Program of Action of the Arab Republic of Egypt Designed to Fight Desertification
7.7 Future Plan 2007 - 2012
7.8 References
Chapter 8: Green Belts: pdf
8.1 Greater Cairo (Cairo-Giza-Qalyubia) Green Belt
8.2 Afforestation by Using Treated Wastewater
8.3 Future Plan 2007 - 2012
8.4 References
Chapter 9: Biodiversity: pdf
9.1 Introduction
9.2 Strategy for the Conservation of Biodiversity
9.3 Current and Future Protected Areas (Reserves) in Egypt
9.4 Avian Flu
9.5 Future Plan 2007 - 2012
9.6 References

Section IV: Urban Environment and Development Activities

pdf
Chapter 10: Energy: pdf
10.1 Introduction
10.2 Electric Energy
10.3 Environmental Problems in the Electricity Generation Sector
10.4 Oil and Gas
10.5 Transport Sector
10.6 State Efforts towards Drawing Utmost Benefit from Available Energy Potential and Capabilities
10.7 Future Plan 2007 - 2012
10.8 References
Chapter 11: Management of Solid Wastes: pdf
11.1 Introduction
11.2 Solid Waste Situation in Egypt
11.3 State Efforts to Counter Challenges Posed to Solid Waste Management
11.4 Agricultural Waste
11.5 Efforts of the Ministry of State for Environmental Affairs in Handling Agricultural Waste During 2005
11.6 Future Plan 2007 - 2012
11.7 References
Chapter 12: Hazardous Substances and Waste Management: pdf
12.1 Introduction
12.2 Sources of Generated Hazardous Waste
12.3 Current Status of the Health Care Sector
12.4 Navigation Movement across the Suez Canal of Vessels carrying Hazardous Waste
12.5 State Efforts Regarding Hazardous Substance and Waste Management in Egypt
12.6 Regional and International Role in the Area of Hazardous Waste Management
12.7 Future Plan 2007 - 2012
12.8 References

Annexes

pdf
1 Annex (2-1) Noise Levels
2 Annex (2-2) Study on Noise Level Measurement
3 Annex (2-3) Ministry’s Plan for Noise-Fighting
4 Annex (10-1) Recommendations Relevant to Energy and Environment
5 Annex (12-1) Hazardous Waste Lists

List of Environment-Related Acronyms

pdf

Contributors

pdf

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